Ant Fact Archive

An insect appreciation project combining visual arts and amateur myrmecology

Published out of Berlin and Amsterdam by Joscha Bruckert. Physical magazine available for free at selected locations.



  • Bolton, B. (2003). Synoposos and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American entomological Institute, 71, 11-370.
  • Brütsch, T., Jaffuel, G., Vallat, A., Turlings, T. C., & Chapuisat, M. (2017). Wood ants produce a potent antimicrobial agent by applying formic acid on tree‐collected resin. Ecology and Evolution, 7(7), 2249-2254.
  • Cassill, D. L., Brown, S., Swick, D., & Yanev, G. (2009). Polyphasic wake/sleep episodes in the fire ant, Solenopsis invicta. Journal of Insect Behavior, 22, 313-323.
  • Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. New York, Oxford University Press.
  • Fent, K., & Wehner, R. (1985). Ocelli: a celestial compass in the desert ant Cataglyphis. Science, 228(4696), 192-194.
  • Henderson, G., Andersen, J. F., Phillips, J. K., & Jeanne, R. L. (1990). Internest aggression and identification of possible nestmate discrimination pheromones in polygynous ant Formica montana. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 16, 2217-2228.
  • Koto, A., Mersch, D., Hollis, B., & Keller, L. (2015). Social isolation causes mortality by disrupting energy homeostasis in ants. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 69, 583-591.
  • Kutter, H., & Stumper, R. (1969). Hermann Appel, ein leidgeadelter Entomologe (1892-1966). In Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of the International Union for the Study of Social Insects (pp. 275-279). Bern, Switzerland: International Union for the Study of Social Insects.
  • Maschwitz, U., & Moog, J. (2000). Communal peeing: a new mode of flood control in ants. Naturwissenschaften, 87, 563-565.
  • Mersch, D. P., Crespi, A., & Keller, L. (2013). Tracking individuals shows spatial fidelity is a key regulator of ant social organization. Science, 340(6136), 1090-1093.
  • Mlot, N. J., Tovey, C. A., & Hu, D. L. (2011). Fire ants self-assemble into waterproof rafts to survive floods. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(19), 7669-7673.
  • Mueller, U. G., Rehner, S. A., & Schultz, T. R. (1998). The evolution of agriculture in ants. Science, 281(5385), 2034-2038.
  • Pennisi, E. (2020, August 11). Don't crush that ant—it could plant a wildflower. Science. Retrieved May 29, 2023, from
  • Pierce, N. E., Braby, M. F., Heath, A., Lohman, D. J., Mathew, J., Rand, D. B., & Travassos, M. A. (2002). The ecology and evolution of ant association in the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera). Annual review of entomology, 47(1), 733-771.
  • Santschi, F. (1911). Obervations et remarques critiques sur le mécanisme de l'orientation chez les fourmis. Revue suisse de Zoologie, 19, 303-338.
  • Wen, C., Chen, J., Qin, W. Q., Chen, X., Cai, J. C., Wen, J. B., ... & Wang, C. (2021). Red imported fire ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) cover inaccessible surfaces with particles to facilitate food search and transportation. Insect Science, 28(6), 1816-1828.
  • Wen, C., Shen, L., Chen, J., Zhang, J., Feng, Y., Wang, Z., ... & Wang, C. (2022). Red imported fire ants cover the insecticide-treated surfaces with particles to reduce contact toxicity. Journal of Pest Science, 95(3), 1135-1150.
  • Wetterer, J. K. (2009). Worldwide spread of the ghost ant, Tapinoma melanocephalum (hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News, 12, 23-33.
  • Wheeler, D. E., & Krutzsch, P. H. (1994). Ultrastructure of the spermatheca and its associated gland in the ant Crematogaster opuntiae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zoomorphology, 114(4), 203-212.

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